GROTOWSKI, Marian

1898 - 1968

Born in Rzeszow, Poland in 1898 where he also completed his secondary education. As a schoolboy he participated actively in the work of the Sokó Society and 1918-1921 fought in the Ukrainian campaign in the Polish-Bolshevik war. He also began university studies at the Hochschule für Bodenkultur in Vienna, which he abandoned but in 1923 he was awarded the diploma in forestry by the Agricultural and Forestry Department of Poznań University. He married in 1929, Emilia Kozowska and had two children Kazimierz (born 1930) and Jerzy (born 1933). From 1933, he was based in Przemyśl, where he dedicated increasing amounts of time to his passion for painting. As an employee of a military office and following Poland’s military defeat in World War Two he was interned in Hungary but escaped the internment camp and made his way via Italy to Scotland where he served in the military until the end of 1942 before being employed at the Polish Ministry of Military Affairs the following year. During this time he developed his artistic interests, particularly sculpture, to which he dedicated his total attention after his move to London in 1945. During this time he maintained a close interest in the fate of his family, planning to bring his wife and sons to the United Kingdom, but was unsuccessful. A portrait, figure and still life painter he exhibited five works at the Ipswich Fine Arts Club 1942-1944, in 1942 'Lady with a Straw Hat', two in 1943 '2nd Lt. Kaleta' and ‘The Lost Button’ and in 1944 an oil ‘Roses’, no exhibitors addresses were given during the war years. He also exhibited at The Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts 82nd Annual Exhibition in 1943. In 1949 he moved to Argentina hoping to achieve success as an artist but was unsuccessful and after spending a period living in poverty, with the assistance of Polish acquaintances, obtained a position as a factory manager on the Parana River later moving to the Paraguayan capital Asunción where he taught English at the British Council offices. He died of a heart attack on 10 December 1968.