HOARE, William

1707 - 1792

William Hoare

William Hoare was born at Thorndon, near Eye, Suffolk in 1707, eldest of the three surviving children of William Hoare, a prosperous farmer and land agent, and his wife Anne, they had an earlier son William Hoare, who died shortly after his birth in 1703. The family moved to Berkshire and William was sent to school at Great Faringdon, Berkshire where he showed an early talent for drawing and in the early 1720s his father was persuaded to send him to London to join the studio of Giuseppe Grisoni (1699-1769), an Italian who had come to England in 1718. When Grisoni returned to Rome in 1728, he took Hoare with him and where Hoare shared lodgings with artist Peter Angelis (1785-1734) and sculptors Laurent Delvaux (1696-1778) and Peter Scheemakers (1691-1781), at 53 Via Gregoriana. He then joined the studio of Francesco Fernandi, called Imperiali (1679-1740), a history painter, and also frequented the studios of the French Academy nearby in the Corso. Personable and well educated, William formed lasting friendships with many young grand tourists who became his patrons: Henry Bathurst, the future third and fourth dukes of Beaufort, Robert Dingley, Henry Hoare (1705–1785) (no relation), George Lyttelton, Charles Hanbury Williams, and Joseph Spence, tutor to the future second Duke of Dorset and later to the Earl of Lincoln. Hoare returned to England about 1738 and had connections with the entourage of Frederick, Prince of Wales, and drew the Prince's portrait in pastel but, failing to prosper in London, decided to move to Bath, Somerset, where the Bath seasons were to furnish him with a constant stream of sitters. Hoare came to the notice of Beau Nash (1674-1761) and Ralph Allen (1693-1764), whose portraits he painted in oil. In 1742 Hoare was elected a visitor to the Mineral Water Hospital, the duty of which he performed regularly until 1779 and this appointment brought him many commissions including a major commission for an altarpiece for the Octagon Chapel in Bath, 'The Pool of Bethesda'. An habitué of Stourhead, he furnished the younger Henry Hoare with many family portraits which are still in situ. On 4 October 1742, Hoare married at Lincoln's Inn Chapel, London, Elizabeth Barker (d. 1793); they had five children: Mary (1744–1820), who was also an artist, mainly in crayon, Anne (1751–1821), William jun. (1752–1809), the playwright and painter Prince Hoare (1755–1834), and Georgiana (b. 1759), who died in infancy. Many of Hoare's old Rome acquaintances had become his patrons, and a very substantial part of his income came from politicians' portraits including William Pitt the Elder. Hoare remained in close touch with the London art milieu and was connected to the Foundling Hospital and to the Magdalen Hospital, to which he presented a portrait of Robert Dingley (c.1710-1781), its founder, in 1762. In 1755, Hoare joined others in signing a request for the founding of an academy and on 11 December 1769 became a founder member of the Royal Academy at the king's special request, exhibiting intermittently. Hoare died in Edgar Buildings, Bath, on 10 December 1792, and his wife on 30 November 1793. There is a wall tablet to both in Walcot church, near Bath, and a wall monument to Hoare by Chantrey (1828) in Bath Abbey.




Works by This Painter